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Protection of water resources during fracing is the responsibility of the Industrial Commission Department of Mineral Resources Oil and Gas Division. The Oil and Gas Division rules and policies are some of the strictest of all states in the US.
Currently, about 20% is recycled into the next frac job and the remaining 80% is hauled to a permitted disposal site where it is pumped into the already saline Dakota Formation via a class II underground injection well.
The legislature imposed a setback of 500 feet in NDCC 38-08-05.
No. The flaring process is designed to result in emission of mostly water vapor and carbon dioxide with very minor amounts of sulfur dioxide (below permitable source levels as defined by EPA).
Drilling permits expire after one year. The well can be re-permitted or the permit renewed by making written application and paying an additional permit fee.